There are many different types of wing shapes. Designers must pick the shape of the wing that best suits their needs in order to produce an aircraft that is most efficient for the task that the plane was designed for. The camber of the wing is the curve of the wing. Usually the upper surface of the wing is curved more than the lower surface. This greater curve causes a greater distance for the air to flow over the upper surface, which creates the low pressure above the wing required for lift. Below are some common shapes of wings with an explanation of their uses.
- Low Chamber -Low Drag-High Speed-Thin Wing Section-Good For Racing aircraft, Fighters and Interceptor Planes.
- Deep Chamber-High Lift-Low Speed-Thick Wing Section-Good For Transport, Freighters and Bomber Planes.
- Deep Chamber-High Lift-Low Speed-Thin Wing Section-Good For Transport, Freighter and Bomber Planes.
- Low Lift-High Drag-Reflex Trailing Edge Wing Section. Very Little Movement Of Center Pressure. Good Stability.
- Symmetrical (Cambered Top and Bottom) Wing Section-Similar To Above.
- GA(W)-1 Airfoil-Thicker For Better Structure and Lower Weight-Good Stall Characteristics – Chamber Is Maintained Farther Rearward Which Increases Lifting Capability Over More Of The Airfoil and Decreases Drag.